Moscow is a prominent center of the Russian culture with its largest number of museums, architectural monuments, historical sights, exhibitions and galleries. Once having lost its status as the Russian capital in the 18th century, Moscow regained its power during the Soviet times and has hugely contributed to the cultural heritage of the country since then.
Today Moscow’s cultural infrastructure is being controlled by the federal and municipal government. A significant amount of funds goes from the city budget to support internationally famous museums and theaters. The city’s libraries, galleries and other cultural places also receive government support on a regular basis. By realizing a huge potential of Moscow as a cultural center, the Moscow authorities are focused on turning the capital into a modern and creative metropolis.
Today their main goals include reconstruction of historically significant places, including those of the Soviet and pre-Soviet times and enhancement of comfort of the city’ spaces for public use by improving and landscaping parks and urban forest areas.
In additional to new parking spaces, such cultural landmarks as Red Square, the Kremlin, the Bolshoi Theatre, the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, the Tretyakov Gallery continue playing an important role for cultural education of Moscow residents and guests.
Red Square is definitely the top place to visit Moscow. It is located at the heart of the capital and will provide you with a magnificent view both at day and night time. Being a truly historical place with beautiful architecture and breathtaking atmosphere, the Red Square has become a center of large-scale contemporary events such as rock-concerts, festivals and performances.
Another recognizable structure of Moscow is the Kremlin. Constructed in the 15th century as a fortified complex, it covers a total area of 275 thousand sq. m now. The Grand Kremlin Palace is the most prominent place and the official residence of the Russian president.
One of the largest and oldest theaters, the Bolshoi Theater, is another famous touristic destination. From 2011, it has gone though some major restorations and nowadays is home to the greatest classic performances.
The historical complex Kolomenskoye Estate with its chambers, churches, towers and a watermill is worth seeing for all history and nature fans. Being a truly historical place, it offers to its visitors nice tranquil strolls along beautiful pedestrian paths in relaxing atmosphere.
The Tsaritsyno Museum shares the same concept of recreational and cultural tourism as the Kolomenskoe Estate and Park. As an open air museum, it can boast a large collection of traditional goods such as ceramics, textile, crafts, leather. The Tsaritsyno shows support for different cultural events by regularly hosting performances, yoga festivals and exhibitions.
The largest collection of Russian world-known artists can be seen in the Tretyakov Gallery. Constructed in a classical Russian architectural style, the gallery hosts more than 180 thousand paintings, sculptural masterpieces and religious items.
The Museum of the Great Patriotic War is another great exhibition area with open air displays. The main exhibition structure covering the surface of 14 thousand sq. m comprises a large number of military artefacts, including weapons, awards, and uniform and gives much information on the Great Patriotic War events.
These is not an exhaustive list of Moscow’s cultural sights. The Department of Culture of Moscow is currently putting much effort in the renovation of the historical destinations and development of new institutions and spaces. By combining the two goals of preserving the architectural heritage and adapting the existing cultural places to the modern needs of the citizens, it looks for new opportunities to enhance the status of Moscow as a cultural center.