According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Moscow is an independent federal subject of the Russian Federation, a so-called city of federal importance.
The Government of Moscow is the highest executive body of state authority of Moscow headed by the highest official of the city of Moscow, the Mayor of Moscow. The Mayor of Moscow is Sergey Sobyanin.
The members of the Government of Moscow are the Mayor of Moscow, the Deputy Mayors of Moscow in the Moscow Government and the Moscow Government ministers. The Government of Moscow prepares orders signed by the Mayor of Moscow. Structure and functioning of the Government of Moscow are established by the law of Moscow, adopted by Moscow City Duma (Russian regional parliament in Moscow).
The Moscow City Duma has 45 deputies elected in single-member constituencies. The current Moscow City Duma was elected in September 2019. Its term expires in September 2024.
The federal city of Moscow is composed of twelve administrative okrugs, subdivided into districts (raions). Important business areas include Tverskoy, Arbat, and Presnensky Districts (including the Moscow-City complex). Central Administrative Okrug has a great concentration of businesses. The city hall and major administration buildings are located in Tverskoy District (near the Moscow Kremlin). The total population of the Federal City of Moscow is 12 655 050 people (2021).
Charter of the City of Moscow is the basic law of Moscow. It has supreme legal force: other city laws and other regulations should not contradict the charter; the latter is always supreme.
All the latest news and current official information are available at the Mayor´s website https://www.mos.ru/en/.